Integrated Water Resources |
Planning and Management
Case study description:
The Kelantan river drains the province of Kelantan in north-eastern peninsular Malaysia. A catchment of about 12,000 km² (upstream of Guillemard bridge) and an altitude difference of more than 2100 m generates an average runoff of about 500 m³/sec, with the variations of the local Monsoon climate. The variability of rainfall with extreme monthly values between 0 and 1750 mm in dry and wet months, respectively, already suggest the main problem: reliability of water resources for the rice paddies that supply about 12 % of national production. Droughts and floods that affect the efficiency of the irrigation system, continuing changes in land use, and the potential of water pollution from intensive agriculture pose a range of problems that require innovative tools for their solution.
The application is specific for water resources management in a paddy growing area in North East of Penisular Malaysia i.e an area of around 30,000 ha under the Kelantan State Development Authority KADA). This area is a coastal belt of Sg. Kelantan River.
The main problem in this area is water shortage during the dry season
(March to May) and flooding in the monsson season (November to January).
The water management should be able to help in providing a sustainable
water resources development with minimal conflicts between the needs of
government, the local community, land developers and water users
such as KADA, Water Supply Department, and the Drainage and Irrigation
The main objectives are:
Systems components and functions:
The system is implemented as a distributed client-server system, with Intranet access from remote clients to the main central server.
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