Nile Basin Initiative

Water Resources Planning and Management Project

Needs Assessment for and Conceptual Design of the Nile Basin Decision Support System

WP 1.1, Activity 1.1.9:   Modules for the DSS Awareness/Training Workshops

For the hands on sessions with a water resources model systems and DSS, specific case study example from the Nile basin can be used subject to data availability. This page summarised a few key data on the Nile system riparian countries, major elements of the water resources system, and provides a small and selective set of links to on-line resources.

Physiographic and hydrological data summary

   
Basin Area (km²) 3,112,380
Population in basin (est.) 127,000,000
River length (mainstream, km) 6,600
Elevation difference (m) 1,134
Average Population Density (people/km²) 41
Total population (2007) 378,500,000
Total population (2025) 568,300,000
Riparian countries 10
Number of Large Cities (>100,000 people) 32
Water Supply per Person (1995) (m³/person/year)2,207
Number of Dams (>15m high) in Basin 8
Number of Dams (>15m high), Main Stem 7+1
Number of Dams (>150m high) in Basin 0
Number of Dams (>60m high) under Construction 1

The Riparian Countries

Several sources combined incl. FAO, CIA, WRI, ... GNP in 2007 Euro  
country area (km²) area (%) Avg. rain total population GNP/capita water/capita
  total of basin in country of basin (mm) 2007 2025 2007 2007 2025
Burundi 27,83013,260 47.60.4 1,110 8.515.0 72 442269
DR Congo 2,344,86022,140 0.90.7 1,245 62.6107.5 94 20,97310,500
Egypt 1,001,450326,750 32.610.5 15 73.4 95.9 973 759630
Eritrea 121,89024,920 0.40.8 520 4.9 7.7 144 1,338 851
Ethiopia 1,100,000365,120 33.211.7 1,125 77.1108.7 130 1,355842
Kenya 580,37046,230 0.81.5 1,260 36.9 51.3 418 839235
Rwanda 26,34019,880 75.50.6 1,105 9.3 14.6 180 551351
Sudan 2,505,8101,978,510 79.063.6 500 38.6 54.3 584 1,7071,213
Tanzania 945,09084,200 8.92.7 1,015 38.757.4 350 2,2911,554
Uganda 235,880231,370 98.17.4 1,140 28.5 55.9 210 2,1331,087

The largest cities

city name LAT LONG population description country
Cairo     16,183,000 Capital of Egypt, Nile DeltaEgypt
Alexandria     3,917,000 largest sea port, Nile DeltaEgypt
Omdurman     3,127,800 confluence of Blue and White NileSudan
Al Jizah (Gizeh)     2,492,000 greater Cairo metropolitan areaEgypt
Khartoum     2,207,800 capital, confluence of Blue and White NileSudan
al-Chartum Bahri     1,725,600 confluence of Blue and White NileSudan
Kampala     1,455,000 national capital, Lake VictoriaUganda
Shubra al Khaymah     1,019,700 greater Cairo metropolitan areaEgypt
Mwanza     480,300 southern port, Lake VictoriaTanzania
Asyut     438,400 upper NileEgypt
El Mahallah El-Kubra     437,900 textile center, Nile deltaEgypt
Luxor     437,700 capital of Al Uqsur governorateEgypt
Al Mansurah     431,200 Damietta branch, Nile deltaEgypt
Tanta     411,600 capital of Al Garbiyah governorate, Nile deltaEgypt
Kusti     383,800 west bank, White NileSudan
Wad Madani     357,500 west bank, Blue NileSudan
El Faiyum     316,500 'garden of Egypt', southwest of CairoEgypt
Az Zaqaziq     288,100 capital of Ash-Sharqiyah governorate, Nile deltaEgypt
Kafr Dawwar     275,200 major industrial town, Nile deltaEgypt
Qena     251,900 capital of Qena governorate, east bankEgypt
Aswan     246,000 capital of Aswan governorate, east bankEgypt
Minya     232,200 capital of Minya governorate, west bankEgypt
Damanhur     231,000 capital of Al-Buhayrah governorate, western Nile deltaEgypt
Kisumu     223,500 capital of Nyanza province, Lake VictoriaKenya
Sohag     218,700 capital of Sohag governorate, west bankEgypt
Beni Suef     193,000 capital of Beni Suef governorate, west bankEgypt
Shibin el Kom     189,500 capital of Monufia governorate, Nile DeltaEgypt
Malakal     181,400 capital of Wilayah (stae), White NileSudan
Juba     172,700 capital of Central EquatoriaSudan
Banha     172,100 capital of Qalyubiyah governorate, Damietta branchEgypt
Rabak     172,700 capital of an-Nil al-abyad (state), White NileSudan
Musoma     130,200 capital of Mara region, Lake VictoriaTanzania

The Major Lakes, Dams/Reservoirs, wetlands

    name country surface km² volume km³ catchment km² started
    Lake VictoriaTanzania, Uganda, Kenya 68,8882,750  
    SuddSudan 22,00026  
    Lake Nasser (High Aswan) Egypt 5,250281   1902
    Lake AlbertDRC, Uganda 5,200280
    Lake TanaEthiopia3,600 28 15,000
    LakeEdward Uganda2,325 39.5 12,100
    Toshka LakesEgypt1,300  
    Lake Kyoga Uganda1,270 7.6 75,000
    Merowe Sudan 70012.5   ongoing
    Lake George Uganda250 2000
    Gilgel GibeEthiopiarun of the river
    Nalubale Uganda run of the river
    Bujagali Ugandarun of the river
    Karuma Ugandarun of the river

Sources:   http://www.waterandnature.org/eatlas/html/af15.html
Landcover
Land use class%
Grassland, Savanna and Shrubland 53.0
Dryland Area 36.8
Cropland 10.7
Wetlands 6.1
Forest Cover 2.0
Irrigated Cropland 1.4
Urban and Industrial Area 1.0

Source:   http://www.waterandnature.org/eatlas/html/af15.html

Selected links to on-line information resources


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