A city is an urban area with a large population and a particular administrative,
legal, or historical status.
Large industrialized cities generally have advanced systems for sanitation, utilities,
land usage, housing, and transportation and more.
This close proximity greatly facilitates interaction between people and firms, benefiting both
parties in the process. However, there is debate now whether the age of technology and
instantaneous communication with the use of the Internet are making cities obsolete
. (really ??? fax-a-pizza ???)
A big city, or metropolis, may have suburbs. Such cities are usually associated with metropolitan
areas and urban sprawl, creating large amounts of business commuters.
Once a city sprawls far enough to reach another city, this region can be deemed
a conurbation or megalopolis.
URBAN AREA: An urban areais an area with an increased density
of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it.
Urban areas may becities,townsorconurbations, but the term is not commonly extended
to rural settlements such as villages and hamlets.
Urban areas are created and further developed by the process of urbanization.
Measuring the extent of an urbanized area helps in analyzing population density
and urban sprawl, and in determining urban and rural populations (Cubillas 2007).
Unlike an urban area, a metropolitan area includes not only the urban area,
but also satellitecities plus intervening rural land that is socio-economically
connected to the urban core city, typically by employment
ties throughcommuting, with the urban core city being the primary labor market.
In fact, urbanized areas agglomerate and grow as the core population/economic
activity center within a larger metropolitan area or envelope.
Metropolitan areas tend to be defined using counties or county sized political
units as building blocks. Counties tend to be stable political boundaries;
economists prefer to work with economic and social statistics based on
Urbanized areas are a more relevant statistic for determining per capita land usage
and densities (Dumlao & Felizmenio 1976).
Exurban, Commuter Towns: A commuter town is an urban community that is primarily
residential, from which most of the workforce commute out of the community to earn their livelihood.
Most commuter towns are suburbs of a nearby metropolis that workers travel to daily,
and many suburbs are commuter towns, but not always.
There are exurban communities too. The expression "exurb" (for "extra-urban")
was coined in the 1950s, to describe the ring of prosperous rural
communities beyond older suburbs, that are commuter towns for an urban area.
Most exurbs serve as commuter towns, but some commuter towns are not exurban.
These communities can be dense, semi-dense and sparsely populated areas.
These communities are mostly towns.
Populations in exurbs, commuter towns or an exurb of a nearby metropolitan area
can be from 1,000 people to 20,000 people.
Populations in Rural communities/areas are usually under 10,000 people.
Urban: An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures
in comparison to the areas surrounding it. Urban areas are extremely dense
population areas. An urban area is more frequently called a city or metropolitan area.
The main types of communities in urban areas can be:
- a metropolis (metropolitan area) (pop. usually over a 1,000,000) or
- a city (pop. over 100,000.)
Suburban: A residential area on the outskirts of a city.
Suburban areas have lower population density than inner city neighborhoods.
Suburban areas are dense to semi-dense population areas.
A suburban area is frequently a large community.
Populations in suburbs, a suburban area or a suburb in a nearby
metropolitan area can vary from 10,000 to over a 1,000,000.
Rural: Rural areas are settled places outside towns and cities.
Such areas are distinct from more intensively settled urban and suburban areas.
These areas are mostly sparsely populated areas.
Inhabitants live in villages, hamlets, on farms and in other isolated dwellings.
The main types of communities in rural areas can be:
- a village (pop. 200-800 people) or
- a hamlet (pop. fewer than 200 people.) or
- an isolated dwelling (which is just 1 or 2 buildings with families in it.)