SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION
Integrated management of the coastal zone requires a balanced consideration of numerous aspects including both the socio-economic and physical, environmental domain. While this principle is well understood and published, it is rarely implemented in practice.
The scientific literature in the domain is voluminous; while classical texts have often stressed the engineering aspects of the problem, the importance of the socio-economic Participatory policy and decision making processes need informed participants, actors or stake holders - this empowerment through information and the role of information for policy and decision making are important topics addressed in the Agenda 21, and related European policy documents and directives.
For the SMART project this means the smooth integration of advanced quantitative tools based on applied systems analysis and information technology such as state-of-the art simulation and optimisation models and expert systems technology into the socio-political and economic framework of regional development planning and public policy with its uncertainties, qualitative criteria, and conflicting objectives.
The main innovative elements of the project include:
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