SMART: Sustainable Management
of Scarce Resources
in the Coastal Zone

D06.1: DRAFT Case Study Report: Abu Qir Bay, Egypt

    Author: Prof. M. El-Raey

Hydrology of Abu Qir Study Area

The Rosetta branch of the River Nile is about 220 km in length with an average width of 180 m and depth varying between 2 and 4 m. The Rosetta estuary is delimited by a barrage for controlling water discharge at Edfina City, 30 km before its connection with the sea. It was estimated that this branch receives more than 0.5 million m3 daily of untreated or partially treated domestic and industrial wastes and huge amount of agricultural drain waters http://data.ecology.su.se/mnode/africa/Egypt/NileDelta_Rosetta/Nile_rosettabud.htm.

Deterioration of the nearby marine environment in Abu Qir Bay is a result of substantial load of pollution from the various land-based activities surrounding it and through River Nile drainage and Lake Edku. The two main sources of pollution inputs are El Tabia Pumping Station, in the south-eastern part of the bay with about 2 million m3/day and Lake Edku; in addition to the agricultural activities in the area. Figure (2) shows the drainage and canal networks in the study area.

Fig.2: Water supply and drainage canals in the study area

The estimated current water supplies for the study area are as follows: surface 890 mm, treated water 149 mm and rainfall 150 mm, or a total of 1,189; The current water demands of the study area are: Agriculture 900 mm, industry 110 mm, domestic 80 mm and tourism 10 mm, or 990 m or 83% of current supply.

 


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