AirWare
air quality assessment & management
Reference and User Manual
AirWare   On-line Reference Manual
  Release Level 7.0
  Revision Level beta
  Release Date 2015 03

Last modified on:   Sunday, 19-Jul-15 15:47 CEST

Emission factors, tier 1

These provide the first level of possible estimates, based on a single primary attribute such as fuel use or production, with a simple linear emission estimte.
A few examples for key industries/products are given below:

Sector description source unit NOx SOx PM10 PM2.5 TSP CO CO2 NMVOC
Energy, PowerPlants Public electricity and heat production, EMEP/EEA 1.A.1.a tier 1 Global Energy Observatory g/GJ 89 0.3 0.9 0.9 0.9 39 1.5
Cement and lime production Cement production, EMEP/EEA 2.A.1 tier 1 USGS Minerals Yearbook 2010 g/t 200 110 200
Cement and lime production Lime production, EMEP/EEA 2.A.2 tier 1 USGS Minerals Yearbook 2010 g/t 240 50 590 733 kg/t
Aluminium production Aluminium production, EMEP/EEA 2.C.3 tier 1 USGS Minerals Yearbook 2010 kg/t 1 6 2.5 1 3 120
Iron and steel industries Production processes, EMEP/EEA 2.C.1 tier 1 USGS Minerals Yearbook 2010 g/t 180 140 300 150
Oil refining Production processes, EMEP/EEA 2.C.1 tier 1 Global Energy Observatory kg/t 0.2
Petrochemical industries Refining, storage, EMEP/EEA 1.B. 2a tier 1 Global Energy Observatory kg/t 50 8
Petroleum/gas exploration, production Oil, onshore: exploration, production, transport, EMEP/EEA 1.B.2a.1, 1.B.2.b, tier 2 USGS Minerals Yearbook 2010 kg/t 0.1
Petroleum/gas exploration, production Oil, offsore: exploration, production, transport, EMEP/EEA 1.B.2a.1, 1.B.2.b, tier 2 USGS Minerals Yearbook 2010 kg/t 0.4
Petroleum/gas exploration, production Natural gas: exploration, production, transport, EMEP/EEA 1.B.2a.1, 1.B.2.b, tier 2 USGS Minerals Yearbook 2010 kg/t 0.1 g/m3

Sector description source unit PB Cd Hg As Cr Cu Ni Se Zn
Iron and steel industries Production processes, EMEP/EEA 2.C.1 tier 1 USGS Minerals Yearbook 2010 g/t 4.6 0.02 0.1 0.4 4.5 0.07 0.14 0.02 4


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