PM3: Particulates Monitoring, Modelling, Management
LIFE+ Environment Policy and Governance 2009, CY/000252:
A major element of the PM3 project is the use of simulation modeling to
analyse sources and contributions to observed and predicted particulate concentrations.
On the basis if a validated model system, we can then optimize control strategies
(a dust management plan) for the control of local particulate emission sources.
The models used are building on the existing tools and models of the EUREKA project E!3266 WEBAIR.
The first set of project activities and milestones
of the preparatory phase concentrates on the compilation
and analysis of the basic input and validation data:
The modelling of regional, national and local dust (PM10/PM2.5)
is based on a system of cascading nested grid dynamic and 3D models and their
associated data bases, that basically include:
- Meteorological modelling, using (national) numerical weather forcasts
(providing daily updates of multi-day forecasts with input data in Netcdf format)
or using the results of the non-hydrostatic prognostic MM5 model system;
- Emission modelling, that combines pyrogenic emissions (starting with the European scale
EMEP emission data base) including shipping,
and wind erosion, wind driven entrainment of soils or secondary, deposited particles,
including their long range transport (e.g., Saharan dust);
- Particulates transport/dispersion modelling, using
Beyond and in support of the basic numerical modeling and scenario analysis, the project involves:
- Impact assessment that keeps track of population exposure with emphasis opn sensitive zones, groups, and individulas.
- Public information on dust episodes from operational forecasting, emphasis on sensitive population groups;
- Dust sampling and mineralogical/chemical analysis to support source apportionment.
- Remote sensing that provide large scale synoptic observation for model validation.