Original Seveso Directive 82/501/EEC ("Seveso I")
council directive of 24 June 1982 on the major-accident
THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES,
Having regard to the treaty establishing the European Economic Community, and in particular articles 100 and 235 thereof,
Having regard to the proposal from the Commission (1),
Having regard to the opinion of the European Parliament (2),
Having regard to the opinion of the Economic and Social Committee (3),
Whereas the objectives and principles of the community environment policy were fixed by the action programmes of the European Communities on the environment of 22 November 1973 (4) and 17 may 1977 (5), and having regard in particular to the principle that the best policy consists in preventing the creation of pollution or nuisances at source; whereas to this end technical progress should be conceived and directed so as to meet the concern for the protection of the environment;
Whereas the objectives of the community policy of health and safety at work were fixed by the council resolution of 29 June 1978 on an action programme of the European Communities on safety and health at work (6), and having regard in particular to the principle that the best policy consists in obviating possible accidents at source by the integration of safety at the various stages of design, construction and operation;
Whereas the advisory committee on safety, hygiene and health protection at work, set up by decision 74/325/EEC (7), has been consulted;
Whereas the protection of the public and the environment and safety and health protection at work call for particular attention to be given to certain industrial activities capable of causing major accidents; whereas such accidents have already occurred in the community and have had serious consequences for workers and, more generally, for the public and the environment;
Whereas, for every industrial activity which involves, or may involve, dangerous substances and which, in the event of a major accident, may have serious consequences for man and the environment, the manufacturer must take all necessary measures to prevent such accident and to limit the consequences thereof;
Whereas the training and information of persons working on an industrial site can play a particularly important part in preventing major accidents and bringing the situation under control in the event of such accidents;
Whereas, in the case of industrial activities which involve or may involve substances that are particularly dangerous in certain quantities, it is necessary for the manufacturer to provide the Competent Authorities with information including details of the substances in question and high-risk installations and situations, with a view to reducing the hazards of major accidents and enabling the necessary steps to be taken to reduce their consequences;
Whereas it is necessary to lay down that any person outside the establishment liable to be affected by a major accident should be appropriately informed of the safety measures to be taken and of the correct behaviour to be adopted in the event of an accident;
Whereas, if a major accident occurs, the manufacturer must immediately inform the Competent Authorities and communicate the information necessary for assessing the impact of that accident;
Whereas Member States should forward information to the Commission regarding major accidents occurring on their territory, so that the Commission can analyze the hazards from major accidents;
Whereas this directive does not preclude the conclusion by a member state of agreements with third countries concerning the exchange of information to which it is privy at internal level other than that obtained through the community arrangements for the exchange of information set up by this directive;
Whereas disparity between provisions already applicable or being prepared in the various Member States on measures to prevent major accidents and limit their consequences for man and the environment may create unequal conditions of competition and hence directly affect the functioning of the common market; whereas the approximation of laws provided for in article 100 of the treaty should therefore be carried out in this field;
Whereas it seems necessary to combine this approximation of laws with action by the community aimed at attaining one of the community objectives in the field of environmental protection and health and safety at work; whereas, in pursuance of this aim, certain specific provisions should therefore be laid down; whereas, since the necessary powers have not been provided by the treaty, article 235 of the treaty should be invoked,
HAS ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE:
1. This directive is concerned with the prevention of major accidents which might result from certain industrial activities and with the limitation of their consequences for man and the environment. It is directed in particular towards the approximation of the measures taken by Member States in this field.
2. For the purposes of this directive:
a. Industrial activity means:
- any operation carried out in an industrial installation referred to in Annex I involving, or possibly involving, one or more dangerous substances and capable of presenting major-accident hazards, and also transport carried out within the establishment for internal reasons and the storage associated with this operation within the establishment,
- any other storage in accordance with the conditions specified in Annex II;
b. Manufacturer means:
- any person in charge of an industrial activity;
c. Major accident means:
- an occurrence such as a major emission, fire or explosion resulting from uncontrolled developments in the course of an industrial activity, leading to a serious danger to man, immediate or delayed, inside or outside the establishment, and/or to the environment, and involving one or more dangerous substances;
d. Dangerous substances means:
- for the purposes of articles 3 and 4, substances generally considered to fulfil the criteria laid down in Annex IV,
- for the purposes of article 5, substances in the lists in Annex III and Annex II in the quantities referred to in the second column.
This directive does not apply to the following:
1. Nuclear installations and plant for the processing of radioactive substances and material;
2. Military installations;
3. The manufacture and separate storage of explosives, gunpowder and munitions;
4. Extraction and other mining operations ;
5. Installations for the disposal of toxic and dangerous waste which are covered by community acts in so far as the purpose of those acts is the prevention of major accidents.
Member States shall adopt the provisions necessary to ensure that, in the case of any of the industrial activities specified in article 1, the manufacturer is obliged to take all the measures necessary to prevent major accidents and to limit their consequences for man and the environment.
Member States shall take the measures necessary to ensure that all manufacturers are required to prove to the competent authority at any time, for the purposes of the controls referred to in article 7(2), that they have identified existing major-accident hazards, adopted the appropriate safety measures, and provided the persons working on the site with information, training and equipment in order to ensure their safety.
1. Without prejudice to article 4, Member States shall introduce the necessary measures to require the manufacturer to notify the Competent Authorities specified in article 7:
- If, in an industrial activity as defined in article 1(2)(a), first indent, one or more of the dangerous substances listed in Annex III are involved, or it is recognized that they may be involved, in the quantities laid down in the said Annex, such as:
- substances stored or used in connection with the industrial activity concerned,
- products of manufacture,
- by-products, or
- or if, in an industrial activity as defined in article 1(2)(a), second indent, one or more of the dangerous substances listed in Annex II are stored in the quantities laid down in the second column of the same Annex.
The notification shall contain the following:
a. Information relating to substances listed, respectively, in Annex II and Annex III, that is to say:
- the data and information listed in Annex V,
- the stage of the activity in which the substances are involved or may be involved,
- the quantity (order of magnitude),
- the chemical and/or physical behaviour under normal conditions of use during the process,
- the forms in which the substances may occur or into which they may be transformed in the case of abnormal conditions which can be foreseen,
- if necessary, other dangerous substances whose presence could have an effect on the potential hazard presented by the relevant industrial activity;
b. Information relating to the installations, that is to say:
- the geographical location of the installations and predominant meteorological conditions and sources of danger arising from the location of the site,
- the maximum number of persons working on the site of the establishment and particularly of those persons exposed to the hazard,
- a general description of the technological processes,
- a description of the sections of the establishment which are important from the safety point of view, the sources of hazard and the conditions under which a major accident could occur, together with a description of the preventive measures planned,
- the arrangements made to ensure that the technical means necessary for the safe operation of plant and to deal with any malfunctions that arise are available at all times;
c. Information relating to possible major-accident situations, that is to say:
- emergency plans, including safety equipment, alarm systems and resources available for use inside the establishments in dealing with a major accident,
- any information necessary to the Competent Authorities to enable them to prepare emergency plans for use outside the establishment in accordance with article 7(1) ,
- the names of the person and his deputies or the qualified body responsible for safety and authorized to set the emergency plans in motion and to alert the Competent Authorities specified in article 7.
2. In the case of new installations, the notification referred to in paragraph 1 must reach the Competent Authorities a reasonable length of time before the industrial activity commences.
3. The notification specified in paragraph 1 shall be updated periodically to take account of new technical knowledge relative to safety and of developments in knowledge concerning the assessment of hazards.
4. In the case of industrial activities for which the quantities, by substance, laid down in Annex II or III, as appropriate, are exceeded in a group of installations belonging to the same manufacturer which are less than 500 metres apart, the Member States shall take the necessary steps to ensure that the manufacturer supplies the amount of information required for the notification referred to in paragraph 1, without prejudice to article 7, having regard to the fact that the installations are a short distance apart and that any major-accident hazards may therefore be aggravated.
In the event of modification of an industrial activity which could have significant consequences as regards major-accident hazards, the Member States shall take appropriate measures to ensure that the manufacturer:
- revises the measures specified in articles 3 and 4,
- informs the Competent Authorities referred to in article 7 in advance, if necessary, of such modification in so far as it affects the information contained in the notification specified in article 5.
1. The Member States shall set up or appoint the Competent Authority or authorities who, account being taken of the responsibility of the manufacturer, are responsible for:
- receiving the notification referred to in article 5 and the information referred to in the second indent of article 6,
- examining the information provided,
- ensuring that an emergency plan is drawn up for action outside the establishment in respect of whose industrial activity notification has been given, and, if necessary,
- requesting supplementary information,
- ascertaining that the manufacturer takes the most appropriate measures, in connection with the various operations involved in the industrial activity for which notification has been given, to prevent major accidents and to provide the means for limiting the consequences thereof.
2. The Competent Authorities shall organize inspections or other measures of control proper to the type of activity concerned, in accordance with national regulations.
1. Member States shall ensure that persons liable to be affected by a major accident originating in a notified industrial activity within the meaning of article 5 are informed in an appropriate manner of the safety measures and of the correct behaviour to adopt in the event of an accident.
2. The Member States concerned shall at the same time make available to the other Member States concerned, as a basis for all necessary consultation within the framework of their bilateral relations, the same information as that which is disseminated to their own nationals.
1. This directive shall apply to both new and existing industrial activities.
2. ‘New Industrial Activity’ shall also include any modification to an existing industrial activity likely to have important implications for major-accident hazards.
3. In the case of existing industrial activities, this directive shall apply at the latest on 8 January 1985. However, as regards the application of article 5 to an existing industrial activity, the Member States shall ensure that the manufacturer shall submit to the Competent Authority, at the latest on 8 January 1985, a declaration comprising:
- name or trade name and complete address,
- registered place of business of the establishment and complete address,
- name of the director in charge,
- type of activity,
- type of production or storage,
- an indication of the substances or category of substances involved, as listed in Annexes II or III.
4. Moreover, Member States shall ensure that the manufacturer shall, at the latest on 8 July 1989, supplement the declaration provided for in paragraph 3, second subparagraph, with the data and information specified in article 5. Manufacturers shall normally be obliged to forward such supplementary declaration to the Competent Authority; however, Member States may waive the obligation on manufacturers to submit the supplementary declaration; in that event such declaration shall be submitted to the Competent Authority at the explicit request of the latter.
1. Member States shall take the necessary measures to ensure that, as soon as a major accident occurs, the manufacturer shall be required:
a. To inform the Competent Authorities specified in article 7 immediately;
b. To provide them with the following information as soon as it becomes available:
- the circumstances of the accident,
- the dangerous substances involved within the meaning of article 1(2)(d),
- the data available for assessing the effects of the accident on man and the environment,
- the emergency measures taken;
c. To inform them of the steps envisaged:
- to alleviate the medium and long-term effects of the accident,
- to prevent any recurrence of such an accident.
2. The Member States shall require the Competent Authorities:
a. To ensure that any emergency and medium and long-term measures which may prove necessary are taken;
b. To collect, where possible, the information necessary for a full analysis of the major accident and possibly to make recommendations.
1. Member States shall inform the Commission as soon as possible of major accidents which have occurred within their territory and shall provide it with the information specified in Annex VI as soon as it becomes available.
2. Member States shall inform the Commission of the name of the organization which might have relevant information on major accidents and which is able to advise the Competent Authorities of the other Member States which have to intervene in the event of such an accident.
3. Member States may notify the Commission of any substance which in their view should be added to annexes II and III and of any measures they may have taken concerning such substances. The Commission shall forward this information to the other Member States.
The Commission shall set up and keep at the disposal of the Member States a register containing a summary of the major accidents which have occurred within the territory of the Member States, including an analysis of the causes of such accidents, experience gained and measures taken, to enable the Member States to use this information for prevention purposes.
1. Information obtained by the Competent Authorities in pursuance of articles 5, 6, 7, 9, 10 and 12 and by the Commission in pursuance of article 11 may not be used for any purpose other than that for which it was requested.
2. However this directive shall not preclude the conclusion by a Member State of agreements with third countries concerning the exchange of information to which it is privy at internal level other than that obtained through the community machinery for the exchange of information set up by the directive.
3. The Commission and its officials and employees shall not divulge the information obtained in pursuance of this directive. The same requirement shall apply to officials and employees of the Competent Authorities of the Member States as regards any information they obtain from the Commission. Nevertheless, such information may be supplied:
- in the case of articles 12 and 18,
- when a Member State carries out or authorizes the publication of information concerning that Member State itself.
4. Paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 shall not preclude the publication by the Commission of general statistical data or information on matters of safety containing no specific details regarding particular undertakings or groups of undertakings and not jeopardizing industrial secrecy.
The amendments necessary for adapting Annex V to technical progress shall be adopted in accordance with the procedure specified in article 16.
1. For the purposes of applying article 14, a committee responsible for adapting this directive to technical progress (hereinafter referred to as ‘the committee’) is hereby set up. It shall consist of representatives of the Member States and be chaired by a representative of the Commission.
2. The committee shall draw up its own rules of procedure.
1. Where the procedure laid down in this article is to be followed, matters shall be referred to the committee by the chairman, either on his own initiative or at the request of the representative of a Member State.
2. The representative of the Commission shall submit to the committee a draft of the measures to be adopted. The committee shall deliver its opinion on the draft within a time limit which may be determined by the chairman according to the urgency of the matter. It shall decide by a majority of 45 votes, the votes of the Member States being weighted as provided for in article 148(2) of the treaty. The chairman shall not vote.
a. The Commission shall adopt the measures envisaged where these are in accordance with the opinion of the committee.
b. Where the measures envisaged are not in accordance with the opinion of the committee, or in the absence of an opinion, the Commission shall forthwith submit a proposal to the council on the measures to be adopted. The Council shall act by a qualified majority.
c. If the Council does not act within three months of the proposal being submitted to it, the measures proposed shall be adopted by the Commission.
This directive shall not restrict the right of the Member States to apply or to adopt administrative or legislative measures ensuring greater protection of man and the environment than that which derives from the provisions of this directive.
Member States and the Commission shall exchange information on the experience acquired with regard to the prevention of major accidents and the limitation of their consequences; this information shall concern, in particular, the functioning of the measures provided for in this directive. Five years after notification of this directive, the Commission shall forward to the Council and the European Parliament a report on its application which it shall draw up on the basis of this exchange of information.
At the latest on 8 January 1986 the Council shall, on a proposal from the Commission, review annexes I, II and III.
1. Member States shall take the measures necessary to comply with this directive at the latest on 8 January 1984. They shall forthwith inform the Commission thereof.
2. Member States shall communicate to the Commission the provisions of national law which they adopt in the field covered by this directive.
This directive is addressed to the Member States.
Done at Luxembourg, 24 June 1982.
For the Council
See O.J. No L 230 OF 5.8.82
Corrigendum to Council Directive 82/501/EEC of 24 June 1982 on the major-accident hazards of certain industrial activities (Official Journal of the European Communities No L 230 of 5 August 1982)
Page 18: The words 'Annex VII' shall be deleted.
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