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GAIA Case Study Zimbabwe: White Rhino

White Rhinoceros
Ceratotherium simum

Rhino The white rhinoceros is Africa's second largest mammal after the elephant. Bulls can reach a shoulder height of over 190 cm with amass of around 2,800 kilograms. It is more than twice as heavy as its cousin the black rhinoceros. The white rhinoceros differs from the black also by its broader muzzle with a squared upper lip, which is adapted for grazing.

The gestation period in the white rhinos is about 16 months. Single calfs are born with a birth weight of about 16 kilograms. There is no fixed breeding season. While still depending on its mother, the calf usually ambles ahead of her -- another difference to the black rhino, where it travels alongside or behind its mother.

Also unlike the black rhinoceros, the white rhino is fairly placid and will usually move away from any disturbance rather than attack. It is also more sociable in its relations with others of its own species.

Males establish territories which they defend against other bulls. Several cows and their calves and even subordinate or your g bulls will share a dominant bull's territory and even sometimes adjacent territories of other bulls.1



Sources:
DeGraaff (1992)
Animals of the Kruger National Park. Struik Publishers, Cape Town. 124 pp.

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