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GAIA Case Study Zimbabwe: Elephant Color Icon

Zimbabwe: Landuse in Dry Tropical Savannas






African Elephant
Loxodonta africana

Eleph Elephants consume impressive quantities of food: between 150 and 300 kilograms daily. If they have free access to water, they will drink as much as 180 to 220 litres of water per day. An adult elephant, therefore, produces between 140 and 140 kilograms of dung. Elephants also eat a wider variety of plants than any other herbivore in the region, and spend much of their time foraging.

Large populations of elephants can alter and damage their environment significantly by their feeding methods so that a careful control of population sizes and densities is necessary.



Sources:
DeGraaff (1992)
Animals of the Kruger National Park. Struik Publishers, Cape Town. 124 pp.

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