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Energy Production and Consumption

Hydrocarbon Reserves/Production. The burning of fossil fuel is the major energy source in Mexico, and the ratio of proven reserves to production has been almost constant for the past 20 years.

Source: http://www.energia.gob.mx

International and National Production of Oil. The production of national oil company (PEMEX, Petróleos Mexicanos, http://
) represents the main energy production of the country, and amounts to about 4.5% of total world production.

Source: http://www.energia.gob.mx

Oil Production

The main commercial fuels are: LPG (liquefied petroleum gas), gasoline (petrol), diesel and fuel oil. Production figures for 1995, 1996 and 1997 (in thousands of barrels per day) were obtained from PEMEX: http://www.pemex.com/graf1.html.

Oil Consumption. The volume of internal purchases of oil products and natural gas are shown in the plot taken from: http://www.pemex.com/graf2.html. It is important to mention that oil production from sources in Mexico is not only for national consumption, but a significant volume is also exported world-wide.

Distribution of Energy Consumption in Mexico. The main consumers of energy produced in Mexico are transportation and industry, as showed in the following graphics:


Source: http://www.conae.gob.mx/informacion/3.1.5.html


Fuel Consumption for Electricity Generation in Mexico. The main consumers of energy produced in Mexico are transportation and industry, as showed in the following graphics:


In Mexico, thermo-electric power plants are the primary sources of electricity generation, followed by hydroelectric, coal power stations, nuclear plants, geothermal energy fields and wind power installations.


The total electricity generation (gigawatts per hour) is continuously increasing in Mexico.


The main use of electric energy (petacalories) is for transport, industry, domestic use and agriculture.


Type of Fuel Consumed by Sector at the ZMCM (1994). Energy consumption distribution is similar to the rest of the country, with transportation as the main energy consuming sector.

Energy Consumption by Service Sector. Energy consumption by service sector in 1988 was 4.60% in food, 22.53% in public baths, 7.27% in sports, 1.72% in hospitals, 9.80% in Hotels, 5.17% in mills, 17.15% in bakeries, 19.97% in launderies, 14.40% in 'tortilleras' and 1.98% in others.

Energetic Consumption by Type of Transportation. By 1989, private vehicles accounted for 77.93% of energy consumption followed by 8.52% on collective taxis, 7.30% on suburban transport, 4.18% on public buses, 1.24% on the Metro system, and finally, 0.83% on trams.



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