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Population Dynamics and Trends

According to the National Population Census of 1990, Mexico had 81.25 million inhabitants, with more that 38 million (38%) under 14 years old and 60% under 24. Nation-wide economic information at that time shows that socio-economic status for the majority was relatively low, with 80% of the population having a family income of less than 4 times the minimum wage.

Family income (times the minimum wage)

  • A. Above 45

  • B. Between 7 and 45

  • C. Between 4 and 7

  • D. Lower that 4
  • The rate of increase in unemployment appears to have slowed in the past few years, but remains a high concern in terms of national development.

    Current economic activities have not prevented an increase in unemployment and the activity distribution has also changed. Economic activities are classified as: (A) Agriculture and cattle rearing, (B) Commerce, (C) Communications and transportation, (D) Construction, (F) Mining, (G)Government, (H) Not specified, (I) Petroleum and gas extraction, (J) Services and (K) Manufacturing industry. Services and manufacturing have become major activities since 1990.

    Economically Active Population

    Inside the Metropolitan Area (Federal District and State of Mexico), general economic trends are similar with around 70% percent of the population of the Federal District involved in third class activity (services), 20% on secondary activities (manufacturing industry) and almost none on the primary (extraction industry). In the State of Mexico the percentages are 50, 30 and 10%, respectively.

    Number of Inhabitants per Size of Locality (1995)

    The distribution of inhabitants within urban areas is not well balanced in the Federal District, as most of the population is concentrated in a small number of localities. 1.2% of the total number of urban zones are home to 62.87% of the population; a further 1.8% of the urban areas have 34.91% of total inhabitants; and the rest are localities with less than 50,000 inhabitants. It is important to point out that 80.17% of Federal District localities have less that 100 inhabitants which represents 0.11% of total population.

    Within the State of Mexico the population is better related to the size of localities. Most urban areas have less than 2,500 inhabitants and just 0.33% have more than 100,000. However, 36.05% of the population live in areas with more that 500,000 inhabitants; 26.09% in areas of between 100,000-500,000 inhabitants and the rest in small urban zones with less that 100,000 inhabitants.

    Age and Sex Distribution. In 1985, age and sex distribution showed that women outnumbered men. At the present, this trend still remains with more women in the Metropolitan Area.

    Education. In 1990, 3.99% of people in the Federal District were considered illiterate, and 9.01% in the State of Mexico. By 1995 illiteracy had decreased to 2.98% in the Federal District and 7.09% in the State of Mexico.

    The following graphics show the school enrollment by grade and sex above 15 years old for 1990 and 1995. For the Federal District in 1990, the average education level for boys was the 9th grade and for girls it was the 8th grade. In the State of Mexico the average for boys was the 7th grade and girls the 6th. By 1995 education levels had improved and all averages went up by more than one grade.

    Numerical data of the graphics above. More information can be found at http://www.inegi.gob.mx/homepara/conteo/gra2_9.html



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