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India : Sustainable Urban Development

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Color Icon Ludhiana
Ludhiana, known as the Manchester of India, is the fastest growing city of Punjab State of the Indian Union. It is located 250 km to the north of Indian capital New Delhi. The town is located on a ridge of Budha Nala (a narrow canal), which was once a bed of the river Satluj. It is not only the most populous city of State but also the most polluted. According to the Census record of 1991, the population now exceeds 1 million ranking Ludhiana as 22nd largest city of the Indian Union. The city houses 250 large and medium scale industries and 41,116 small scale enterprises.

The explosive increase in population and fast industrial growth in the town has led to many environmental problems. The City's central core is in dire need for immediate planning to become a sustainable habitat again, as living standard there is perhaps at its minimum tolerable level. The city not only faces a severe water pollution problem; depletion of ground water resources due to excessive and unsustainable pumping is another serious problem. The situation has worsened to the extent that it is difficult to use ground water for drinking in the areas in and around the industrial estates.

The city's basic industry, dyeing and hosiery units, and its sewerage system have converted the surface water body Buda Nala virtually in an open sewer. The industries in general and dyeing and hosiery units in particular have polluted the ground water resources by injecting the untreated effluent. Through surface - groundwater interaction, Budha Nala is polluting the ground water up to 300-500 m on both side along a 25 km stretch downstream of the town before the canal's confluence with the river Satluj. And direct agricultural application of the effluent is leading to soil contamination as a potential health problem.

Objectives:   The main objective of this project is to contribute towards the effective planning and management of natural resources of the region. It aims to develop an information network for wide dissemination of the output of the project using a multi-media training tool and develop institutional capabilities in the developing countries.

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