EU1388 test case: City of Izmir


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Birthplace of Homer

Nicknamed in Turkish "Beautiful Izmir", the city lies at the head of a long and narrow gulf furrowed by ships and yachts. The climate is mild and in the summer the constant and refreshing sea breezes temper the sun's heat. Behind the palm-lined promenades and avenues which follow the shoreline, the city, in horizontal terraces, gently ascends the slopes of the surrounding mountains.
The third largest city in Turkey, Izmir's port is second only to Istanbul's. A cosmopolitan and lively city all year long, during the International Arts Festival (June/July) and the International Fair (August/Sept.), Izmir bursts with an added vibrancy.
The original city was established in the third millennium B.C. (at present day Bayrakli), and at that time shared, with Troy, the most advanced culture in Western Anatolia. By 1500 B.C., it had fallen under the influence of central Anatolia's Hittite Empire. In the first millennium B.C., Izmir, then known as Smyrna, ranked as one of the imponant cities of the lonian Federation, and it was during this period, one of the city's most brilliant, that Homer is believed to have lived here.

The Lydian conquest of the city, around 600 B.C., brought this period to an end, and Izmir remained little more than a village throughout the Lydian and the subsequent sixth century B.C Persian rule. In the fourth century B.C., a new city was built at the instigation of Alexander the Great on the slopes of Mt. Pagos (Kadifekale). Izmir's Roman period, from 27 B.C., gave birth to its second great era. Byzantine rule followed in the fourth century and lasted until the Seljuk conquest of the 11th century. In 1415 under Sultan Mehmet I, Izmir became part of the Ottoman Empire.

Museums
The Arkeolojl Muzesi (Archaeological Museum), near Konak Square, houses a superb collection of antiquities including the statues of Poseidon and Demeter which, in ancient times, stood in the Agora.
Neighboring the Archaeological Museum, the collection of the Etnografya Muzesi (Ethnographical Museum) contains folkloric artifacts among which are a fine collection of Bergama and Gordes carpets, traditional costumes and camel bridles.
Situated on Ataturk Caddesi in an old Izmir house used by the founder of the Turkish Republic, the Ataturk Muzesi (Ataturk Museum) exhibits photographs of the leader as well as some of his personal effects. The Selcuk Yasar Muzesi (Selcuk Yasar Art Museum) is a private museum on Cumhuriyet Bulvari with a collection of 20th century Turkish art.

Historical Sites
The excavations at Bayrakli have unearthed a temple dedicated to Athena and the wall of the Ionian city which flourished here between the seventh and fifth centuries B.C. Pottery dating to the third millennium B.C. has also been uncovered. On Kadifekale, Mt. Pagos, stand the impressive ruins of a castle and its walls, built by Lysimachus in the reign of Alexander the Great, which still dominate Izmir today. The castle offers an excellent vantage point to enjoy the magnificent view over the Gulf of Izmir. The Agora, or marketplace, in the Namazgah Quarter was originally constructed during the rule of Alexander the Great. What remains today, however, dates from the rebuilding under Marcus Aurelius, after the devastating earthquake of 178 A.D. The Sirinyer and Yesildere Aqueducts, two examples of Roman engineering which span the Meles River, supplied Izmir's water throughout Byzantine and Ottoman eras. An 18th century Ottoman inn, the Kizlaragasi Han, a fine example of the architecture of the period, is being restored to its former state.

The symbol of Izmir, the Saat Kulesi, or clock tower, stands in Konak Square, in the heart of the city. A gift from the Sultan Abdulhamid, and built in 1901, it is decorated in an elaborate, late Ottoman style. Recently restored old houses fill the old quarter known as Karatas. Hydraulic elevators, Asansor, provide access between the lower and upper streets and are now being reconstructed. The internationally renowned singer, Dario Moreno, had a house in this district that is being restored for conversion into a museum. If you find yourself on Havra Sokak, notice the old buildings and synagogues. Hisar Mosque is the largest and oldest in Izmir. Build in the 16th century, with restorations in the 19th century, it has a delightful interior with an interesting mimber (pulpit) and mihrab( altar).

Parks
Kulturpark, the main park of the city, offers many different activities. It is the site for the International Izmir Fair and contains an amusement park, zoo, quiet gardens and restaurant. Olof Palme Park, situeted in Karsiyaka is a relaxing place to stop. It also offers some sports facilities. Next door the Open Air Museum Park has statues scattered through the grounds.

Monuments In the center of Cumhuriyet Meydani, or Republic Square, stands the Ataturk Monument, an impressive statue of Ataturk sitting on a horse and pointing out to sea. Erected in 1933, the monument commemorates the liberation of the city by Turkish forces. Standing in Karsiyaka, the Ucan Yunuslar Aniti (The Flying Dolphins) is a new monument that symbolizes friendship and brotherhood.

Art And Culture
Izmir has for many years enjoyed a reputation as a cosmopolitan and cultural city. Contributing to this, the Izmir Cultural Center hosts performances of opera, ballet and musical concerts, and the city is home to the Ege (Aegean) Philharmonic Orchestra as well as a thriving theatrical scene. Every year, Izmir comes to life with the opening of the Izmir International Festival which attracts international and Turkish artists who perform at various venues in the city and surrounding area, including the theater at Ephesus.

Shopping
In streets of the Kemeralti Market area it is possible to find fascinating antiques, both fine and fun jewelry, a great variety of clothing as well as the dried figs and sultanas for which Izmir is famous. The fish restaurants in this colorful area serve up the local speciality, tranca and cipura, two types of sea bream. The best modern and elegant shops line the Kordon Promenade, in Karsiyaka, or Cumhuriyet Caddesi. Take a horse drawn carriage ride along promenade during the day; afterwards spend the evening absorbing the lively atmosphere of the shops and cafes around the Pasaport Pier.

Dokuz Eylül University

Dokuz Eylül University is a coeducational, state institution. The University was founded by the Cabinet Decree No 41 dated July 20, 1982 which with some modifications became law (No 2809) on March 28, 1983 and went into the force on March 30, 1983. DEU at present comprises the following units:
  • Faculties: Architecture, Art and Sciences, Business, Economics and Administrative Sciences, Education, Engineering, Fine Arts, Law, Medicine, Theology.
  • Schools: Maritime Business and Management, Nursing, Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, State Conservatuary. Vocational Schools Judicial Practices, Health Services, Religion, İzmir and Torbalı Vocational Schools.
  • Graduate Schools Atatürk Principles and History of Turkish Revolution, Health Sciences, Science and Engineering, Social Sciences.
  • Institutes Education, Fine Arts, Hemodialysis and Transplantation, Marine Sciences and Technology, Oncology, Religious studies.

Department of Environmental Engineering

Environmental Engineering Department was founded in 1975, in the Aegean University Engineering Faculty. At the same year, it is placed in the Civil Engineering Faculty of Aegean University. When some of the engineering departments are extracted from Aegean University to form the Engineering and Architecture Faculty of Dokuz Eylul University at 1982, environmental Engineering Department had been joined to Dokuz Eylul University. At 199X, the Department of Architecture had been taken from the faculty and the faculty is named as "Engineering Faculty". Recently our department is the only Environmental Engineering Department in Izmir and is located in the Engineering Faculty of Dokuz Eylul University.

The Department of Environmental Engineering in Dokuz Eylul University is the only Environmental Engineering Department in Izmir. The department has a 14 years history. The following there major subjects of environmental engineering are studied in the department in terms of Lectures and Scientific Projects

  • Water pollution and control,
  • Air pollution and control
  • Solid Wastes
The Department has lecture programmes leading to the Bachelor of Science (B.S), Master of Science (M.S) and Doctorate (Ph.D.)degrees. The undergraduate and graduated teaching languages of our department are Turkish and English respectively. Contents of Lectures offered in undergraduate programme are given within these pages.
The graduate programs offers two major areas of specialization.
  • Environmental Sciences
  • Environmental Technology

Water Chemistry and Wastewater Laboratory In the laboratory, sea water, drinking water, domestic and industrial wastewater can be analysed in terms of various physical, chemical and biochemical parameters. Experimental models within the researches can be carried in the laboratory. Water chemistry and Wastewater Laboratory serves in the department projects. In the laboratory, sampling devices and probes are utilized for insitu analyses at the field.

Air Pollution Laboratory In the Air Pollution Laboratory, various analyses such as qualitative and quantitative particulate analysis, SO2, NO2 and Ozone can be performed. Studies on the analysis of special pollutants and pollution prevention techniques are carried within the laboratory. The laboratory is fully equiped with sampling devices and analysers to serve in education and researches in Environmental Engineering Department.

Environmental Microbiology Laboratory The laboratory is founded in 1979 as a research and training laboratory. Laboratory applications offered in the related lectures such as "Environmental Microbiology" are carried in this laboratory. Bacteriological analysis can be performed in polluted and unpolluted waters, in surface and ground waters. The laboratory is said to be a well developed laboratory that special species used in the microbial treatment processes can be cultivated to control treatment mechanisms.

General Chemistry Laboratory The General Chemistry Laboratory is mainly an education laboratory. In the First Semester at the Engineering faculty of Dokuz Eylul University, most of the laboratory applications of the related lectures are carried in the General Chemistry Laboratory. In the laboratory, qualitative anion and cation analysis, alkalimetric, permanganimetric, iyodimetric, presipitimetric and calorimetric analysis can be performed. Beside the education purposes, researches also done by academic staff.

Solid Wastes and Model Laboratory Solid Waste Laboratory has been developed since 1979. The laboratory was served in education purposes in the Solid Waste related lectures until 1992. Composting capacities, methane production, and treatment efficiencies of solid wastes are reseached in the laboratory in both education and reseach purposes. Recently, the laboratory is equiped with facilities to study on experimental models in a wide range of treatment processes for graduate thesis and projects by students and academic staff.


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