urban areas and conglomerates are characterized by a very high population density,
but also a concentration of technical infrastructure, including hazardous substances.
In the European Union, the "Seveso Directive 2003/105/EC,
amending 96/82/EC on the control of major-accidents hazards involving dangerous substances"
defines the corresponding regulatory framework.
Technological risk from
needs timely and reliable decision relevant information
for first responders and emergency management.
- industrial/commercial operations (see also: the EMIS system
a generic Environmental Management Information System framework designed primarily
for industrial operations;
- transportation (of hazardous materials)
- any other type of technological or environmental hazards such as
fires, collapse of structures, air plane crash, but also storms, floods, earthquakes etc.
CityWare optionally integrates a number of tools for the assessment
and management of these risks and accidents,
combined in the RiskWare system, designed for
- Risk assessment and analysis, using classical stochastic modeling tools and accident scenarios;
- Emergency management, based on a real-time expert system that drives
simulation models that predict the evolution and impacts from an emergency, the
- Risk training, a web-based eLearning system, the A-TEAM system.
Typical applications include:
Auxiliary tools and information resources include
hazardous substances/MSDS, industrial waste stream data base.
Key indicators are location, timing, and severity (population exposure, material damage)
of any of the accidents and emergencies.