MSDS for: BENZENE

 Section 1:   Identification of the substance and manufacturer
PRODUCT NAME: BENZENE
FORMULA: C6H6
CAS NO.: 71-43-2
COMMON SYNONYMS: BENZOL, PHENYL HYDRIDE, COAL NAPHTA
PRODUCT CODES:
9156,9256,9153,9154,9155,B717,9149
  EFFECTIVE: 01/22/87
  REVISION #04
PRECAUTIONARY LABELLING
BAKER SAF-T-DATA(TM) SYSTE
     HEALTH        -  4  EXTREME (CANCER CAUSING)
     FLAMMABILITY  -  3  SEVERE (FLAMMABLE)
     REACTIVITY    -  0  NONE
     CONTACT       -  1  SLIGHT
HAZARD RATINGS ARE 0 TO 4 (0 = NO HAZARD; 4 = EXTREME HAZARD).

LABORATORY PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT:
GOGGLES & SHIELD; LAB COAT & APRON; VENT HOOD; PROPER GLOVES; CLASS B EXTINGUISHER

PRECAUTIONARY LABEL STATEMENTS:

  • POISON DANGER
  • EXTREMELY FLAMMABLE
  • CAUTION: CONTAINS BENZENE, CANCER HAZARD
  • HARMFUL IF SWALLOWED, INHALED, OR ABSORBED THROUGH SKIN
  • EXCEPTIONAL HEALTH HAZARD - READ MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
  • KEEP AWAY FROM HEAT, SPARKS, FLAME. AVOID CONTACT WITH EYES, SKIN, CLOTHING.
  • AVOID BREATHING VAPOR. KEEP IN TIGHTLY CLOSED CONTAINER. USE WITH ADEQUATE VENTILATION.
  • WASH THOROUGHLY AFTER HANDLING. IN CASE OF FIRE, USE ALCOHOL FOAM, DRY CHEMICAL, CARBON DIOXIDE - WATER MAY BE INEFFECTIVE.
  • FLUSH SPILL AREA WITH WATER SPRAY.

SAF-T-DATA(TM) STORAGE COLOR CODE: RED STRIPE (STORE SEPARATELY)

3 - PHYSICAL DATA

BOILING POINT 80 C 176 F
MELTING POINT: 6 C 43 F
VAPOR PRESSURE(MM HG): 74.6
VAPOR DENSITY(AIR=1): 2.77
SPECIFIC GRAVITY: 0.88
EVAPORATION RATE: N/AH2O=1; BUTYL ACETATE=1
SOLUBILITY(H2O): NEGLIGIBLE (LESS THAN 0.1 %)
% VOLATILES BY VOLUME: 100
APPEARANCE & ODOR: CLEAR COLORLESS LIQUID HAVING CHARACTERISTIC AROMATIC ODOR

4 - FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA

FLASH POINT (CLOSED CUP: -11 C ( 12 F) NFPA 704M RATING: 2-3-0 FLAMMABLE LIMITS: UPPER - 8.0 % LOWER - 1.3 %

FIRE EXTINGUISHING MEDIA

    USE ALCOHOL FOAM, DRY CHEMICAL OR CARBON DIOXIDE. (WATER MAY BE INEFFECTIVE.)

SPECIAL FIRE-FIGHTING PROCEDURES

    FIREFIGHTERS SHOULD WEAR PROPER PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT AND SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS WITH FULL FACEPIECE OPERATED IN POSITIVE PRESSURE MODE. MOVE CONTAINERS FROM FIRE AREA IF IT CAN BE DONE WITHOUT RISK. USE WATER TO KEEP FIRE-EXPOSED CONTAINERS COOL.

UNUSUAL FIRE & EXPLOSION HAZARDS VAPORS MAY FLOW ALONG SURFACES TO DISTANT IGNITION SOURCES AND FLASH BACK. CLOSED CONTAINERS EXPOSED TO HEAT MAY EXPLODE. CONTACT WITH STRONG OXIDIZERS MAY CAUSE FIRE.

TOXIC GASES PRODUCED CARBON MONOXIDE, CARBON DIOXIDE

5 - HEALTH HAZARD DATA

THIS SUBSTANCE IS LISTED AS ACGIH SUSPECT HUMAN CARCINOGEN, NTP HUMAN CARCINOGEN, IARC HUMAN CARCINOGEN (GROUP 1).

ACCEPTABLE MAXIMUM PEAK ABOVE THE ACCEPTANCE CEILING CONCENTRATION
FOR AN EIGHT-HOUR SHIFT = 50 PPM FOR 10 MINUTES; (PEL) CEILING = 25 PPM.

    THRESHOLD LIMIT VALUE (TLV/TWA) 30 MG/M3 ( 10 PPM)
    SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE LIMIT (STEL) 75 MG/M3 ( 25 PPM)
    PERMISSIBLE EXPOSURE LIMIT (PEL) 30 MG/M3 ( 10 PPM)
    TOXICITYLD50 (ORAL-RAT)(MG/KG) - 4894
      LD50 (ORAL-MOUSE)(MG/KG) - 4700
      LD50 (IPR-RAT)(MG/KG - 2.9
      LC50 (INHL-MOUSE-7H) (PPM) - 9980

CARCINOGENICITY:

  • NTP: YES
  • IARC: YES
  • Z LIST: NO
  • OSHA REG: NO

EFFECTS OF OVEREXPOSURE

  • INHALATION MAY CAUSE HEADACHE, NAUSEA, VOMITING, DIZZINESS, NARCOSIS, SUFFOCATION, LOWER BLOOD PRESSURE, CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DEPRESSION.
  • INHALATION OF VAPORS MAY CAUSE SEVERE IRRITATION OR BURNS OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM, PULMONARY EDEMA, OR LUNG INFLAMMATION.
  • LIQUID MAY BE IRRITATING TO SKIN AND EYES. PROLONGED SKIN CONTACT MAY RESULT IN DERMATITIS. EYE CONTACT MAY RESULT IN TEMPORARY CORNEAL DAMAGE.
  • INGESTION MAY CAUSE NAUSEA, VOMITING, HEADACHES, DIZZINESS, GASTRO-
  • INTESTINAL IRRITATION, BLURRED VISION, LOWERING OF BLOOD PRESSURE.
  • IRREVERSIBLE INJURY TO BLOOD FORMING TISSUE MAY RESULT FROM CHRONIC LOW LEVEL EXPOSURE.
TARGET ORGANS BLOOD, CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, EYES, SKIN, BONE MARROW, RESPIRATORY SYSTEM MEDICAL CONDITIONS GENERALLY AGGRAVATED BY EXPOSURE NONE IDENTIFIED ROUTES OF ENTRY INGESTION, INHALATION, EYE CONTACT, SKIN CONTACT, ABSORPTION EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID PROCEDURES CALL A PHYSICIAN. IF SWALLOWED, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. IF INHALED, REMOVE TO FRESH AIR. IF NOT BREATHING, GIVE ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION. IF BREATHING IS DIFFICULT, GIVE OXYGEN. IN CASE OF CONTACT, IMMEDIATELY FLUSH EYES OR SKIN WITH PLENTY OF WATER FOR AT LEAST 15 MINUTES.

6 - REACTIVITY DATA

STABILITY: STABLE HAZARDOUS POLYMERIZATION: WILL NOT OCCUR CONDITIONS TO AVOID: HEAT, FLAME, OTHER SOURCES OF IGNITION INCOMPATIBLES: STRONG OXIDIZING AGENTS, SULFURIC ACID, NITRIC ACID DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS: CARBON MONOXIDE, CARBON DIOXIDE

7 - SPILL AND DISPOSAL PROCEDURES

STEPS TO BE TAKEN IN THE EVENT OF A SPILL OR DISCHARGE:
    WEAR SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS AND FULL PROTECTIVE CLOTHING. SHUT OFF IGNITION SOURCES; NO FLARES, SMOKING OR FLAMES IN AREA. STOP LEAK IF YOU CAN DO SO WITHOUT RISK. USE WATER SPRAY TO REDUCE VAPORS. TAKE UP WITH SAND OR OTHER NON-COMBUSTIBLE ABSORBENT MATERIAL AND PLACE INTO CONTAINER FOR LATER DISPOSAL. FLUSH AREA WITH WATER.
J. T. BAKER SOLUSORB(R) SOLVENT ADSORBENT IS RECOMMENDED FOR SPILLS OF THIS PRODUCT. DISPOSAL PROCEDURE DISPOSE IN ACCORDANCE WITH ALL APPLICABLE FEDERAL, STATE, AND LOCAL ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS. EPA HAZARDOUS WASTE NUMBER: U019 (TOXIC WASTE)

8 - PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

VENTILATION: USE GENERAL OR LOCAL EXHAUST VENTILATION TO MEET TLV REQUIREMENTS. RESPIRATORY PROTECTION: RESPIRATORY PROTECTION REQUIRED IF AIRBORNE CONCENTRATION EXCEEDS TLV. AT CONCENTRATIONS ABOVE 10 PPM, A SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS IS ADVISED. EYE/SKIN PROTECTION: SAFETY GOGGLES AND FACE SHIELD, UNIFORM, PROTECTIVE SUIT, POLYVINYL ALCOHOL GLOVES ARE RECOMMENDED.

9 - STORAGE AND HANDLING PRECAUTIONS

SAF-T-DATA(TM) STORAGE COLOR CODE: RED STRIPE (STORE SEPARATELY)

SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS

    BOND AND GROUND CONTAINERS WHEN TRANSFERRING LIQUID. KEEP CONTAINER TIGHTLY CLOSED.
    STORE IN A COOL, DRY, WELL-VENTILATED, FLAMMABLE LIQUID STORAGE AREA.

10 - TRANSPORTATION DATA AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

    DOMESTIC (D.O.T.)
      PROPER SHIPPING NAME BENZENE (BENZOL)
      HAZARD CLASS FLAMMABLE LIQUID
      UN/NA UN1114
      LABELS FLAMMABLE LIQUID
      REPORTABLE QUANTITY 1000 LBS.
    INTERNATIONAL (I.M.O.)
      PROPER SHIPPING NAME BENZENE
      HAZARD CLASS 3.2
      UN/NA UN1114
      LABELS FLAMMABLE LIQUID


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